Article no.: HGB Methanol
Methanol is a basic component for the petrochemicals industry and is also increasingly being used in the energy sector.
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Methanol, also known as Methylalcohol (CH3OH), is manufactured from synthesis gas, produced from steam reformed natural gas and carbon dioxide. Methanol is synthesized under pressure in a catalytic process and the crude Methanol is purified to chemical grade by distillation. Natural gas is the feedstock used in most of the world's production units.
Examples of applications
Methanol is a versatile feedstock for the chemicals industry. The largest scale applications in terms of volume are processing into formaldehyde, which is further treated to form resins, glues and various plastics and for the production of acetic acid which is essentially used for the production of polyester fibres and PET plastics. In recent years, the significance of methanol as an energy source has constantly increased. In petrol, methanol increases the octane number either in the form of a direct additive or as a component of MTBE (methyl-tertiary-butyl-ether), improving combustion qualities and reducing emissions. Particularly in China, methanol is processed to form DME (di-methyl-ether) used as a substitute for liquefied gas. Likewise in China, the processing of methanol into olefins has recently been implemented on a large scale: in the production of ethylene and propylene, new value added chains are unfolding for methanol as a feedstock, for instance in producing polyethylene, polypropylene and glycols.
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